On July 5, 2019. a study tour of the employees of the Treblinka Museum took place at the Pawiak Prison Museum.
The purpose of the trip was to expand historical information related to the functioning of the prison and to conduct a query regarding people transported from Pawiak and executed on March 2, 1942 in Treblinka.
Workers started a tour from Dzielna street, where the archive of the Museum of Pawiak Prison is currently located. After reading the selected archival materials, they were invited to see the exhibition and to listen to prison secret messages.
An investigative prison called the Pawiak from Pawia Street, where the entrance gate was located, was built in 1830-1836 according to the design of the famous Warsaw architect Henryk Marconi. There were prison units in it for both men and women (the so-called Serbia). From 1863, the Pawiak became a political prison, and during the revolution in Russia, all participants of the uprising were imprisoned alongside the Warsaw Citadel. During the occupation, from 1940, it was a Gestapo interrogatory prison. About 100,000 people passed through the Pawiak walls, of which about 37 thousand lost their lifes during interrogations on Szucha Street, died in a prison hospital or was shot during executions. It is estimated that about 60,000 people were taken from Pawia Street to concentration camps, most to Auschwitz-Birkenau. The list also included Treblinka, which was attended by 100 people, political and educational activists, officers of the Polish Army, engineers, and teachers, among others Stanisław Ratajczyk, activist of the Workers’ Party. All victims were shot at the Execution Site, near the Treblinka I Penal Labour Camp.
The deserted prison of the Pawiak, Serbia and adjacent buildings were blown up by German miners on August 21, 1944.
On the square in front of the museum building there is a commemoration of a silent witness Pawiak-elm, on the trunk of which since 1945. the families of the victims were placing nameplates of the fallen.